The nature of economic shocks (instability of the economy)
The undecidability of this problem gave rise to the assumption that the spontaneous collision of effective demand and commodity supply are able to form a "market" prices, forgetting that the price is a conditional expression an abstract value in banknotes. Prices for goods (services) depend on the level of costs, i.e. from production technologies of the goods and the market position. In trading a commodity (capital) can turn around and pay off at different speeds. Monetary velocity is usually set taking into account the annual cost of GDP. It should be approximately equal to the periodicity and frequency of salary payment.
In practice, to maintain a balanced commodity-money circulation, can be used regulatory enactments regulating the circulation velocity of the money supply, for example, establishing the frequency of salary payment. Frequency of salary payment almost always changes at random, it will change the rate of turnover that will lead to commodity or cash deficit that is again a violation of the commodity-money balance. Even these examples suggest that the production (economic) system at the macro level, almost always characterized by instability development (behavior). That is why in all countries of the world are constantly emerging economic crises. To maintain a certain level (threshold) to balance the economic processes at the macro level, the state uses the mechanisms of the budget, social, fiscal, price, credit, Finance, industrial investment, foreign-economic equity policies.
All types of government economic policy need to interact in order to achieve a balance of production processes at the macro level that is almost impossible to achieve. Obstacle to bring the economic system to equilibrium in most cases is the adoption of contradictory decisions as methods to combine, for example, the objective function named the politician as a means of achieving sustainable development of the production system in the country, has not yet been developed.
In the end, it is recognized that to ensure the commodity-money balance at the macro level, it is necessary first of all to ensure that each enterprise (organization) the competent targeted technological and organizational work, enhancing productivity, reducing costs and improving the quality of products (services). It was on this basis may be the increase of GDP and ensured the increase in real income of the population. The increase in the nominal prices without taking into account these factors will cause inflation and a decline in production will not lead to the welfare of the people, and to change the scale of prices and the ensuing consequences.
The source of wealth, therefore, is formed at the micro level, i.e. in enterprises and organizations for which the macro acts as an external environment, which formed a disturbance (force communication) influencing the behavior of members of micro. At the micro-level economic decisions can lead the economic system to a balanced state, if it is in a state of crisis, to promote an environment of growth and support the development of the system, which is expressed in the improvement of the values of certain meters. A universal criterion of economic decisions can always admit the extent of their influence on the quality (level) of people's lives.
Balanced (proportional, equilibrium) behavior of the production system can be achieved with quality (effective) capital management (economic process). For successful and effective solutions of problems of control where the criterion is minimization of unproductive losses of all types of resources should be added (known) possible causes contributing to these losses.
Information is knowledge, which determine the development of high technology and instrumental resources, creation of material and energy resources necessary for the life and development of society. The results of research is a valuable resource, a valuable information base for realization of target programs. Problem – the creation of methods and tools for Informatization of formation of information space of the socio-economic system of Russia. At the same time information as the most important strategic resource, needs to be structured in the information sphere, providing the ability to centrally manage research activities and allocation of funds, monitoring of financing (their use). Financing of scientific and information activities should be made from the state budget and attracted funds, including private capital.
The interaction between the information exchange system, to regulate financial flows, forming the technical and resource base taking into account the interests of nature, of man, of emerging environmental problems in the production process (functioning of economic systems). The objective of the information exchange system is the orientation of the components to maintain the proportions in the economic development of society, economic control by the state and society to the productive growth of the economic system, to prevent excessive consumption of the limited resources of the outflow of scarce material and intellectual resources, form their own market, preventing the emergence of destructive conflicts between the production system and nature.
The activities of private financial and information systems natural monopolies, creating conditions for the development of a socially oriented market economy, and, consequently, solves socio-economic problems of development of Russian society (social and cultural development of the country). That's why the owner and regulator of relations in the life support unit should serve the state, acting in the interests of all members of society, limiting the action block of the wonders of nature.
Providing an objective assessment (static and dynamic) emerging situations and the forecast of their development in the economy, the formation of development goals, the development of mechanisms to achieve the goals and tools to use in a specific economic situation, the effectiveness of management teams on the organization of the market (sphere of circulation) to equilibrium and balance, to economic growth through increased production growth, creates a so-called "balance of development".
The balance of the cost of those products has a wide range and quality (electricity, gas, rates), as the most important components of the economic system are not only "efficiency", but fairness, for example, those who built hydropower plant, transmission lines and distribution networks who have drilled wells, built pipelines, etc.
The excess profits of natural monopolies should remain in the possession of the state, not captured "neither by the shareholders of the private" campaigns are no areas where there are natural monopolies. Products (services) of natural monopolies should be at the wholesale market in the entire country with a single level of wholesale prices. This requires a criterion of "fairness".
These are all problems that aims to solve economic discipline and behavioral management.
Prospects of conduct
People's lives is inextricably linked to socio-economic processes and development of society. Economic theory and the structural component of the activities of the society are mutually complementary mechanisms of progress. And of course, the longevity of the society depends on the sustainability of its development. You can't change the culture and way of life of the community (especially developing countries), to bring it to uniform standards. But to change his behaviour to suit the established common standards possible! It lays the idea of behavioral management of sustainable development of economic regions.
No matter how condemned by many scientists Economics as a science that determines consumption, the economy remains a science that studies the consumption, structuring the benefit-sharing mechanisms, allows to stabilize the social development. Only in the hands of nefarious politicians, the economy becomes a tool of control society is to control, not the development level of sufficient consumption and improve society's welfare. And society becomes unstable, especially when it is cast in the absence of the rules of the game and inability to use existing capacity.
Sustainable development criteria of classical economic theory are determined by the following parameters: total employment, resources and turnover of value equivalents. New trends of economic thought based on regional development models. But economic theories are contradictory, market practice depends entirely on the structure of society, the state of natural activity, from the views of the various people for consumption. Natural contradiction to the natural structures today requires universal model compounds with the aim of effective development in the conditions of global coexistence and sharing of a single natural space. Thus an important part of the model is the analytical part, which foresees the problematic component of the development and generates dynamic impulses governing and normalizing effects.